Operational technology (OT) is a type of technology used in industrial control systems (ICS) to monitor, control, and automate physical processes. Unlike information technology (IT), which is primarily used for data processing and management, OT is specifically designed to control industrial systems such as power plants, manufacturing facilities, and transportation systems.
OT systems are designed to manage complex physical processes such as the flow of water, gas, or electricity. They typically include sensors and actuators that can detect changes in the environment and make adjustments to maintain optimal operating conditions. For example, a power plant’s OT system might use sensors to monitor the temperature and pressure of steam in a boiler, and then use actuators to adjust the flow of fuel to maintain the desired conditions.
OT systems are typically highly specialized and have unique requirements that are different from those of general-purpose IT systems. For example, OT systems often require high reliability and availability to ensure that industrial processes can operate continuously and without interruption. They may also require real-time processing capabilities to ensure that actions can be taken immediately in response to changing conditions.
One of the challenges with OT systems is that they can be vulnerable to cyber-attacks. As OT systems become more connected to IT systems and the internet, they become more exposed to cyber threats. These threats can include everything from simple malware infections to sophisticated attacks that exploit vulnerabilities in the software or hardware of the system. An attack on an OT system can have serious consequences, including physical damage to equipment and infrastructure, environmental damage, and even loss of life.
To address these risks, OT systems are typically designed with security in mind. They may use specialized hardware and software that is designed to resist cyber-attacks, and they may be isolated from other networks to reduce the risk of intrusion. OT systems may also have strict access controls to limit who can make changes to the system and what changes they can make.
In recent years, there has been a growing trend towards integrating OT and IT systems. This trend, known as the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), involves connecting OT systems to the internet and other IT systems to enable greater data sharing and analysis. IIoT can offer significant benefits, including improved efficiency, lower costs, and better decision-making capabilities. However, it also increases the risk of cyber attacks and requires careful planning and implementation to ensure that the system remains secure.
In summary, operational technology plays a critical role in managing complex physical processes in a wide range of industries. These systems are highly specialized and have unique requirements, including high reliability, real-time processing capabilities, and strong security features. As OT systems become more connected to other systems, there is a need for careful planning and implementation to ensure that they remain secure and continue to deliver the benefits that they were designed to provide.
About Emergen Research
At Emergen Research, we believe in advancing with technology. We are a growing Marketresearch and strategy consulting company with an exhaustive knowledge base of cutting-edge and potentially market-disrupting technologies that are predicted to become more prevalent in the coming decade.
Corporate Sales Specialist
Emergen Research | Web:www.emergenresearch.com
Direct Line: +1 (604) 757-9756
Visit for More Insights:https://www.emergenresearch.com/insights