Blood pressure is the force produced by circulating blood on the arterial walls, which are the major blood vessels of the body. The definition of hypertension is abnormal blood pressure.
Two numbers are used to denote blood pressure. The first number (systolic) shows the pressure of the blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second number (diastolic) indicates the pressure in the blood arteries between heartbeats.
When the systolic blood pressure measurements on two different days are 140 mmHg and/or the diastolic blood pressure readings on both days are 90 mmHg, hypertension is diagnosed.
Why is hypertension such an issue in countries with low and moderate incomes?
The prevalence of hypertension in a country varies by geography and income level. The WHO African Region has the highest prevalence of hypertension at 27%, whilst the WHO Americas Area has the lowest prevalence of hypertension at 18%.
The prevalence of hypertension among adults grew from 594 million in 1975 to 1.13 billion in 2015, with the majority of the rise occurring in low- and middle-income nations. This increase is mostly attributable to a growth in hypertension risk factors in these groups.
How can the consequences of hypertension be mitigated?
Decreased hypertension decreases the risk of heart attack, stroke, and renal damage, among other health problems.
• Restricting sodium intake (to less than 5g daily).
• Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables
• Regularly engaging in physical activities.
• Avoiding tobacco use.
• Reducing alcoholic consumption.
• Limiting your consumption of high-saturated-fat foods.
• Cutting back on or eliminating trans fats from the diet.
• Stress management and reduction.
• Regularly determining blood pressure.
• Management of high blood pressure
• Handling other medical concerns
• Substantial diagnostic and treatment gaps
Despite the fact that hypertension is easy to diagnose and treat with inexpensive medications, the study revealed large gaps in diagnosis and treatment. Because they were never diagnosed, about 580 million persons with hypertension were unaware of their disease (41% of women and 51% of men).
More than half of adults with hypertension (53% of women and 62% of men), or 720 million people, were using Malegra 200 for erectile dysfunction, according to the study. Fewer than one in five males with hypertension were able to achieve normal blood pressure levels through the use of medications.
In 2019, more than 70% of hypertensive men and women in Canada, Iceland, and the Republic of Korea received medication to properly treat and control their hypertension. In Sub-Saharan Africa, Central, South, and Southeast Asia, as well as Pacific Island nations, men and women are least likely to obtain medication. In a number of nations in these regions, the treatment rate for women was less than 25% and the rate for men was less than 20%, resulting in a large global disparity in treatment.
Certain middle-income nations have successfully scaled up therapy and currently outperform the majority of high-income nations in terms of treatment and control rates. For instance, Costa Rica and Kazakhstan now have greater treatment rates than the majority of high-income nations.
A research fellow at Imperial College London’s Department of Public Health stated, “While hypertension treatment and control rates have improved in most countries since 1990, there has been no change in much of Sub-Saharan Africa and Pacific Island nations.” International funders and state governments must prioritise global treatment equity for this huge global health threat.”
When healthy lifestyle changes are insufficient to control or reduce hypertension, your doctor may prescribe Super P Force medications. These drugs reduce blood pressure in various ways. While prescription medications, your healthcare professional considers the effect on any additional problems you may have, such as heart disease or kidney disease.
Maintain your healthy lifestyle changes while using this medicine. In addition to controlling and lowering blood pressure, a combination of drugs and heart-healthy lifestyle modifications can also prevent heart disease.
• whole grains
• lean proteins such as fish
• fruits and vegetables
Increasing physical activity is recommended.
In addition to helping you lose weight, exercise can help lower blood pressure naturally and strengthen your cardiovascular system (if your doctor has recommended it).Target for 150 minutes per week of moderate physical exercise.Reliable Source. That is roughly 30 minutes, five days each week.
Secondary high blood pressure:
Secondary hypertension is hypertension generated by a particular source and may be accompanied by additional symptoms. In addition to elevated blood pressure, Cushing’s syndrome commonly causes truncal obesity, glucose intolerance, moon face, a hump of fat behind the neck and shoulders (known as a buffalo hump), and purple abdominal stretch marks. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include weight loss accompanied by an increase in appetite, a rapid heartbeat, protruding eyes, and tremor. RAS can be accompanied by a localised abdominal bruit to the left or right of the midline, or both (bilateral RAS). Coarctation of the aorta typically causes a lower blood pressure in the lower extremities than in the upper extremities, as well as delayed or absent femoral arterial pulses. The symptoms of pheochromocytoma include severe hypertension, headache, palpitations, pallor, and profuse perspiration.
A hypertensive crisis develops when blood pressure reaches dangerously high levels (equal to or greater than systolic 180 or diastolic 110). Whether a hypertensive crisis is characterised as hypertensive urgency or hypertensive emergency depends on the presence or absence of end organ damage.
With hypertensive urgency, there is no evidence of end organ damage due by hypertension. In these instances, oral medicines are used to reduce blood pressure gradually over a period of 24 to 48 hours.
In a hypertensive emergency, direct damage to one or more organs is evident. The most usually damaged organs are the brain, kidney, heart, and lungs, resulting in symptoms such as disorientation, drowsiness, chest pain, and shortness of breath.